- How to use UBOS
- Setting up networking and DNS
- Setting up your first web app
- How to create a website secured by SSL/TLS
- How to set up a website as a Tor hidden service
- Managing sites and apps
- Backup and Restore
- Upgrading and keeping your device current
- Migrating from one app to another
- Command reference
- The UBOS Staff
- Writing an image to a USB stick or SD card
- User FAQ
- How to develop for UBOS
- UBOS Releases
How to set up a website as a Tor hidden service¶
Many are familiar with Tor as a way to browse the web anonymously. That requires a special browser, but the user’s web traffic is heavily encrypted and bounced between several countries, so it becomes rather difficult even for well-resourced adversaries (oppressive governments, for example), to track a user around the web.
Less well-known is that Tor also enables people to publish websites whose location is very hard to find and whose users are hard to track. These “hidden sites” have strange URLs consisting of seemingly random letters, and end in .onion. While some major companies publish sites as hidden services (for example, Pro Publica and Facebook), the webserver configuration involved so far has been out of reach for most people.
With UBOS, it is simple.
Why you might consider publishing your site as a Tor hidden service¶
First the downsides:
- Only the (small) number of people using a Tor-aware browser will be able to access your site.
- Because of all the bouncing around of traffic, your site will be much slower than a comparable, normal website.
- You can’t pick a nice URL for your site; the URL will contain gibberish.
- You can publish your site from behind your home’s firewall without needing to make any configuration changes to your router, or needing your internet service provider’s permission to run a web server from home.
- You can pack up the computer that runs your site, and plug it into any network anywhere, and the site will re-appear on the internet, without needing any configuration changes, DNS changes or the like.
And yes, there are other things you can do with Tor hidden services. Note that we make no warranties whatsoever that the Tor configuration created by UBOS is safe to embark on any of those activities; you should not rely on UBOS for your security, whether your motives are noble or not.
Setting up the Tor site¶
When you create the site, you simply add --tor to the ubos-admin createsite command. That’s all. For example:
ubos-admin createsite --tor
Then, answer the questions as usual about the web app or web apps you want to run at that site. After UBOS is done, it will print out the Onion URL at which the site will be accessible.
- You can only access the site with a Tor-aware browser, such as the Tor browser.
- You may need to wait for a few minutes from the time UBOS completes its work, until your Tor browser is able to find the site on the Tor network: securely advertising your site on the Tor network takes a little bit.