Enabling non-standard package repositories¶
Like many other Linux distributions, UBOS is split into multiple package repositories. By default, the following repositories are enabled:
- os: contains the core operating system;
- tools: contains useful tools for development;
- hl: contains “head-less” applications.
On x86_64 PCs, UBOS also has:
- virt: for virtualization / VirtualBox support.
In addition, the following repositories are not enabled by default:
- os-experimental: operating system components that so far, are deemed experimental, that may either not work sufficiently well, or that may be removed without notice.
- hl-experimental: similar, experimental “head-less” applications.
- toyapps: Apps that are useful for development or for understanding UBOS, but not ever intended to be run in production.
Each one of those repositories is defined in a separate file in directory /etc/pacman.d/repositories.d. The difference between the enabled and disabled repositories is simply that the data in the disabled files is “commented out”.
To enable a disabled repository, find the corresponding file, open it in an editor, and undo the “commenting out”. For example, to enable the toyapps repo, edit /etc/pacman.d/repositories.d/toyapps, and remove the leading # characters, so the file looks as follows:
[toyapps] Server = http://depot.ubos.net/$channel/$arch/toyapps
Then, run ubos-admin update so pacman will pick up the new repository.
You can add additional files into /etc/pacman.d/repositories.d that specify additional repositories. You can use one of the existing files in that directory as a template. Once you have added the file, run ubos-admin update, otherwise pacman will not pick up your new repository.
Note two key distinctions between UBOS and its upstream distro Arch Linux:
- Do not edit the repositories in /etc/pacman.conf directly. UBOS will overwrite it there.
- You can use the symbol $channel in the URL to indicate the UBOS release channel.