Run UBOS in a virtual machine (64bit)¶
To run UBOS in a VirtualBox virtual machine, follow these instructions. Not counting download times, this should take no more than 10 minutes to set up.
While we don’t have separate instructions for VMware, the process should be quite similar.
Note: UBOS is a 64bit operating system, for which VirtualBox requires hardware virtualization support. This is generally available on all reasonably modern processors, but may have to be switched on in the BIOS first. See VirtualBox documentation.
Download VirtualBox from virtualbox.org and install it if you haven’t already.
Download the UBOS boot image for VirtualBox from depot.ubos.net. Beta images for Virtualbox (64bit) are at http://depot.ubos.net/yellow/x86_64/images. Look for a file named ubos_yellow_x86_64-vbox_LATEST.vmdk.xz. This file should contain the letters vbox, indicating that it contains VirtualBox-supporting code.
Optionally, you may now verify that your image downloaded correctly by following the instructions at Verify your downloaded UBOS image.
Uncompress the downloaded file. This depends on your operating system, but might be as easy as double-clicking it, or executing
> xz -d ubos_yellow_x86_64-vbox_LATEST.vmdk.xz
on the command line.
In VirtualBox, create a new virtual machine:
- Click “New”.
- Enter a name for the virtual machine, such as “UBOS (yellow)”. Select Type: “Linux”, and Version: “Other Linux (64 bit)”. Click “Continue”.
- Select the amount of RAM you want to give it. 1024MB is a good start, and you can change that later. Click “Continue”.
- Select “Use an existing virtual hard drive file” and pick the downloaded boot image file in the popup. You may need to select the little icon there to get a file selection dialog. Click “Create”.
By default, VirtualBox will put your virtual machine behind a special VirtualBox NAT on your local host. That means you wouldn’t be able to access it with a web browser. To avoid this, either:
- Set your networking mode to “bridged”: Click on “Network”. In the pop-up, select tab “Adapter 1”, and choose “Bridged Adapter”, and in the “Name” field choose the host system’s network adapter that connects to your Ethernet or Wifi network. Click “Ok”. (This should work unless your Ethernet or Wifi network isn’t willing to hand out more than one DHCP address to the same machine; it happens on some tightly managed networks). Or:
- Activate two virtual networking interfaces, one as “NAT”, and one as “Host-only Adapter”: Click on “Network” in the right pane. In the pop-up, first select tab “Adapter 1”, and choose “NAT”. Then, select tab “Adapter 2”, make sure that “Enable Network Adapter” is checked, and choose “Host-only Adapter”. Click “Ok”.
In the main window, click “Start”. The virtual machine should now be booting.
When the boot process is finished, log in as user root. By default, there is no password on the console.
Wait until UBOS is ready. You can tell by executing:
> systemctl is-system-running
On the first boot, this may take a while, because UBOS has to generate some cryptographic keys, and Linux is trying very hard to use good random numbers for that purpose. On VirtualBox, UBOS cheats by generating random numbers using the haveged package. Virtual machines are notorious for having little available entropy, and without haveged, you’d have to wait far too long until the keys are generated. The downside is that the generated random numbers may be a bit less random; that should only matter to you if you are truly paranoid, however.
Wait until the output has changed from starting to running. If it is anything else, consult troubleshooting.
If you are on VMWare, the VirtualBox kernel extension is going to fail. This is no cause for concern, simply disable them by removing file /etc/modules-load.d/virtualbox.conf.
If you have not changed the VirtualBox default network configuration, and your host computer has internet connectivity, your virtual UBOS computer should automatically acquire an IP address. You can check with
> ip addr
Make sure you are connected to the internet before attempting to proceed. For more information, refer to VirtualBox’s Virtual networking documentation.
Update UBOS to the latest and greatest:
> ubos-admin update
You are now ready to set up your first app and site.